Tharparkar Cow: Origin, Characteristics, and Benefits

Tharparkar cow is also known as White Sindhi, Cutchi, and Thari. It is one of the top leading cattle breeds in Pakistan and India knew for the production of milk.

The cattle breed can survive in regions that are arid or semi-arid, and they also have a good reputation of being a dual-purpose cattle breed.

In this post, you will discover more information about the history and origin of the cattle breed, physical characteristics and some of the benefits derived from the race.

  Further useful post: Everything You Need to Know about Adaptaur Cattle   

History and Origin of Tharparkar Cow

According to the historical record, the cattle breed is said to have originated from Pakistan in a region known as Tharparkar.

The name of the cattle breed was derived from the Thar Desert which is in the neighborhood of the Tharparkar area. The region receives a low amount of rainfall, and it usually happens once after a monsoon rain.

The climate in the region is quite sturdy and harsh since there is insufficient vegetation. The scarcity of feeds makes the animal breed to be versatile.

The cattle breed is not yet in Europe and America due to the different weather climate. Also, European farmers prefer to keep strains that are highly productive and profitable.

However, most of the meat from the cattle breed in Pakistan and other Asian countries are being exported to these European nations.

Tharparkar Cow Physical Characteristics

Tharparkar cattle characteristics include:

Size and Weight

The cattle breeds are medium size but very strong. A matured Tharparkar cow weighs about 400 kg while the OX is about 450 kg.

Body Shape and Coat Color

The cow has a white-colored skin coat with comparatively short legs. They tend to be slightly shorter than Haryana cow. The cattle have a hump and also a hunchback that is big and wide.


The cow has thick and full horns. You need to be very careful when dealing with these animals since they tend to be aggressive to some extent.

Behavior and Temperament

The action and temperament of the cattle breed vary according to the way they are being managed by the owner. Some cows are friendly and docile while others are very aggressive.

Climate Tolerance

The cattle can withstand harsh weather climate in the arid regions, and they can also survive with a low amount of food.


Tharparkar cattle are known to have the most extended lifespan. The research shows that they can stay for about 25 years. They also can calve about 14 to 18 calves in 25 years.

Purpose of the Tharparkar Cattle Breed

The cow can produce about 10 to 14 liters of milk per day. In a year, they can produce approximately 3000-3500 kg. The fat content of the milk is about 5%. The milk is delicious and thick apart from being nutritious.

The cattle breed is also known to be a dual-purpose breed which implies that it can be used to produce high quality and tasty meat. However, tharparkar cow milk benefits are topnotch.

Benefits of Tharparkar Cattle

  • The cattle are quite friendly to humans (owners)
  • Tharparkar cow feeding program is manageable since they tend to consume less amount of cattle feeds.
  • They are highly resistant to common tropical diseases affecting the livestock.
  • Have the ability to withstand harsh weather climates in the deserts.
  • They have robust, compact body features
  • Tharparkar cow milk per day can meet the daily family needs since it is thick and highly nutritious.

Cost of Tharparkar Cattle

The cost of cattle depends on various factors such as age, region, pregnancy status, and lactation status.

According to the research done by our experts, pregnant Tharparkar cattle tend to be very expensive.

Tharparkar cow price in India is a little higher as compared to Tharparkar cattle in Pakistan

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