How to Start a Profitable Quail Farming Business

Chances are that you have heard people starting quail farming business and making a huge amount of profits at the end. I know your mind is tossed on the ocean since you don’t know where to start.

Well, I got your back covered. I will take you into a step-by-step guide on how to start raising quails from scratch to the end without breaking bank accounts.

The information in my guide is free thus there is no need for spending before venturing into the business. You will be able to learn everything required in order to be a successful quail farmer regardless of the country of residence.

Let’s get started.

  Related Post: Quail Farming Business Plan: Business Template   

What is Quail Farming?

Quail farming is a farming practice of raising quails for commercial purposes in order to earn profits from the eggs and meat production.

The type of farming business is very easy, lucrative and entertaining as compared to other poultry farming business. It is also economical and profitable since you only require a small farm to get started.

Well, let’s continue and learn how to start quail farm from the ground.

Characteristics of Quails

These features include:

Size and Weight

Quails are small-sized birds. The average weight of a mature quail is about 150-200 grams and the weight of their eggs is about 7-15 grams.

Egg Production

Female quails lay about 300 eggs in the first year of their life cycle. In the subsequent years, the birds will lay about 150-175 eggs per year. You should note that the laying ability will begin to decrease in the subsequent years.

Maturity Rate

These birds tend to grow very fast and the female quails tend to start laying eggs at the age of 6 to 7 weeks. They tend to lay one egg on a daily basis something unique as compared to other poultry birds.

Nutrition Benefits of Eggs and Meat

The eggs of the birds are quite nutritious and they are known to be great for human health. The fat content of quail eggs is 2.47% less than those of the chickens. According to research, the ingredients of eggs help to prevent blood pressure and diabetics among many other diseases.

The meat is highly flavored and tasty. Also, it has low-fat content as compared to meat from cattle and other animals. High blood pressure patients are advised to take quail meat.

Color of Eggs

The eggs of quails are small in size and they tend to have multiple colors. They have a white shell with dark brown patches.


Quails do not go brooding. Therefore, you need to have a brooder or incubator for chickens in order to hatch eggs.

Advantages of Quail Farming

The following are some of the benefits of raising quails on your farm:

  • These birds are small in size hence can be raised in a small area or room and still earn substantial profits.
  • The cost of raising these creatures is typically low since the costs of their feeds is low as compared to those of chickens.
  • Quails are hardy and robust hence rarely affected by diseases.
  • They have a faster maturity rate as compared to chickens.
  • Quails have a high fertility rate hence they start to lay eggs at the age of 6 to 7 weeks.
  • The eggs take about 16 to 18 days to hatch into chicks.
  • Both the meat and eggs are highly nutritious for human health.
  • The starting capital and labor cost are typically low.
  • The eggs and meat have low-fat content hence suitable for the high-pressure patient.
  • You can raise about 6 to 7 quails in the same place where one chicken can fit.
  • The cost of purchasing quail eggs is quite low hence making them affordable.
  • You need little investment to start quail farming business.
  • They type of farming is lucrative hence a great source of income and employment to those who are unemployed.

Quail Farming Information

Quails tend to have a lifespan of about 3 to 5 years and the average weight of an adult quail is about 150 to 200 grams. The popularity of quail farming in the  U.S.A is rising steadily due to the demand of quail meat and eggs.

The good thing about quails is that they begin laying eggs as early as 6 to 7 weeks. This is the reason why they are great for commercial farming.

However, during the first year, the female quails tend to lay more eggs as compared to the subsequent years. Their products tend to decrease with time and this is a good insight for planning in advance.

Another weird thing about the creatures is that they lay most of their eggs in the afternoon and they rarely go broody like other birds. The eggs are gorgeous and are hatched after 17 days.

In order to be a successful quail farmer, it is recommended to keep one male quail with about five female quails in one room.

The chicks of quails are very sensitive though they become strong after two weeks thus proper care and management skills are required.

The eggs have smooth and hardy shells making them suitable for hatching and producing chicks regardless of the type of chicken incubator used.

Factors to Consider Before Starting Quail Farming

Here are factors to consider when raising quails on your farm. They include:

Suitable Temperature

The optimum temperature for backyard quail farming is about 21 to 32 Celsius. You should note that the temperature varies depending on the varieties of quails since some may suffer from heat stress.

Optimum Light

Quail eggs rely on suitable light in order to hatch into chicks successfully. Therefore, switch light to the optimal level in the incubator to promote hatching.

Light is also suitable for the chicks since they do not strive in cold temperatures. You can either use sunlight or electric bulbs to provide light for about 13 hours daily.

As the quail’s ages, increase the amount of light and lighting period in order to foster bone development in the creatures.

Female birds require more than 16 hours of exposure to good sunlight so that they can reproduce eggs on a regular basis.


Quails can easily survive to about 70-80% relative humidity. However, the most recommended humidity level is between 50 and 60 percent.

In case the level of humidity increases, the feathers of the birds will become moist subjecting them to respiratory problems and an increase in the development of fungus.

On the other hand, if the level of humidity is low, the quail’s feathers will become rough. Therefore, ensure the housing of the birds has an optimum humidity level.

How to Get Started with Quail Farming

Quails are small in size hence quite easy to establish and maintain them on the farm. You need a proper quail farming business plan in order to be successful.

A great business plan is the one that contains the breeds of quails, housing, feeding, care, and marketing plans. These factors will enable you to work according to the plan and earn a good amount of profits.

Types of Quail Farming

There are different types of farming and this usually depends on the local demand. The type of farming is grouped according to the purpose of the breeds. Let’s learn the rearing system, right?

Layer Quails Farm

These are quails typically known for egg production. Most of the breeds usually lay eggs at the age of 6-8 weeks. Good female quail breeds can lay up to 300 eggs per year. Japanese and bobwhite quails have the reputation of being great egg layers in the world.

Broiler Quails Farm

Quails that are dedicated to meat production. The meat from the birds is tasty and highly nutritious. These species of quails tend to be larger than those meant for laying eggs. Broilers tend to gain weight much faster than layers.

Although they are meant for meat production, the female counterparts have the ability to produce about 150-250 eggs per year. The Northern Bobwhite and Jumbo Coturnix species are reputable for meat production.

Breeding Quails Farm

These are typically breeding birds and they lay eggs meant for hatching into chicks. These birds tend to be very gorgeous and this is the reason why they are ever on high demand.

Button quail, bobwhite quail, and Japanese quails are some of the common birds known for breeding. Most of them tend to lay eggs at the age of 6-7 weeks.

Varieties of Quails

There are about 18 species of quails in the market today. Most of these creatures are suitable for profitable quail farming business. There are so many outlets for quail for sale across the world today.

The table below outlines some of the common breeds of quails in the world. Let the summary review of each profile.

Species Name


Time to Mature

Weight  (At Adulthood)

Eggs Per Year

Button Quail

Are small breeder birds.

5 weeks

130 g


The Texas A&M

Heavily Muscled Coturnix

6-7 weeks

370 g


Jumbo Coturnix

The bigger selectively bred Coturnix plus are commonly adopt for meat.

6-7 weeks

450 g


Northern Bobwhite

Medium, morphologically variable birds.

8-10 Weeks

179 g


Japanese quail

Length Range: 17-19 cm

Size: Small (5 – 9 in)

Color Primary: Brown

5-6 weeks

90 g


Quail Housing

Housing is something very important as far as quail farming is a concern. However, the size of the cages is somehow different from the cages of other poultry animals on the farm.

In this article, I’m going to describe the starter measurements and the size of the cage that you are supposed to consider anytime you want to breed these creatures.

If you intend to start quail farming for business then you are supposed to opt for commercial cage housekeeping.

Here are some of the factors to put into consideration when you want to start building cages for this kind of poultry farming in your homestead.

  • Ensure the birds stays in a comfortable environment.
  • Provide control of natural light and air.
  • Protect the birds from harsh weather conditions both in summer and winter
  • Construction of houses in a specific distance and required size.
  • Construct different rooms for different ages of quails.
  • Take all the necessary precautions in order to protect the occurrence of bad smells from the bird’s uric acid.

Cage measurements for layers

The cage for layers is supposed to be about 6 ft. long and 1 ft. wide but divided into six equal parts. You can build up to six-story cages in order to make use of the available space.

Keep the story about 8-10 cm apart and use movable wood parts at the bottom to separate the story houses. Place a long narrow water pot in order to ensure an adequate supply of water.

Place about 10-12 birds in each cage and ensure the ratio of male to female is about 1:3. This will ensure successful breeding.

Broilers measurement Cage

The aim of raising broiler quails is for sale and this is the reason why they tend to gain a lot of weight within a short period of time.

Here are the measurements of the cage


Cage Size

Number of Birds

2 Weeks

3 x 2.5 x 1.5 ft.


3-6   weeks

4x 2.5 x 1.5 ft.


Quail Feeding

Provide your quails with a balanced diet in order to ensure they stay healthy and productive. According to Wikipedia, adult quails are supposed to consume about 20 to 25 grams of food daily.

The feeds of chicks contain 27% of proteins while those of adult quails about 22-24%. The following is the summary chart for quail feeding program:

Organic Feed Ingredients

Child Mash (0-3 weeks)

Adult mash

Broken Wheat



Sesame Cake



Kipper Fish



Rice Bran



Broken Oyster shell






Mineral Mix



Soya meals





Quail Nesting Zone

The nesting zone should be built separately for each or shared for multiple birds. Create about 15 cm apart nest boxes for each bird.

Here are procedures on how to build nesting cage for female birds:

  • Use about 15cm wide and 20cm deep boxes.
  • Use 1m wide and 20cm deep boxes in case of about 25-30 birds.

The egg production level of each bird depends on the temperature, feeding, water, care, and management. Light plays a vital role as far as egg production of quails is a concern.

Here is the summary of how to provide light for your quails from the first day to adulthood.


Temperature (0Celsius)

Light (Hour)




























Other time



How to Care and Manage Quails

You need to study the details of farm management in order to reap high yields from quail farming activities. Any minor negligence will lead to total failure thus every farmer is required to be very careful when managing these birds in their homestead.

Here are some of the points to take into consideration as far as raising quails in your small farm in concern. Let’s jump into it:

  • Do not subject the birds into stress and pain since it can lead to death
  • Ensure there is an adequate supply of food and water.
  • Collect eggs at least twice in a day that is between 6:00 to 6:30 am and 9:00 to 9:30 am in the morning.
  • Store the collected eggs under optimum temperature and humidity level.
  • Debeaking is mandatory in order to prevent them from breaking the eggs after laying.

How to Incubate Quail Eggs

Most quails do not undergo brooding and this is the reason why you need an incubator in order to increase the number of birds on the farm.

Any type of chicken incubators can do well since quail eggs hatch out quickly as compared to those of other poultry birds.

Ensure the temperature is about 37.50 Celsius in the incubator and wait for about 14 days for the eggs to hatch. Leave the hatchings for 24 hours in the incubator without opening it.

Do not get worried about feeding and watering in 24 hours since they hatch when the bellies are full. During this period ensure there is no high humidity in the incubator.

How to Raise Quail Chicks

As mentioned earlier, quails do not hatch eggs instead use an artificial method. The hatching period varies depending on the breed of quails and it usually lasts between 16 and 18 days on the higher side.

After hatching, the chicks will require artificial heat and light as per the standards of management for about 14 to 21 days.

They can be raised in both litter and battery systems. Quails are very sensitive thus keep the following factors into consideration when raising them in your backyard:

  • Adequate temperature
  • Sufficient light
  • Proper air movement
  • The density of quail chicks
  • Supply of food and water
  • Hygienic rearing rules

Use the chart below to determine the amount of temperature and lighting for quail babies:

Baby Age (Weeks)

Temperature (oCelcius)

Light (Hour)










Common Health Problems

One of the best things about quails is that they are less susceptible to common poultry diseases like chickens, ducks or turkeys.

But this does not rule out that they can be subjected to diseases. The following are some of the common diseases affecting these creatures like any other birds:

Ulcerative Enteritis: The disease is treated by mixing one gram streptomycin with one liter water and serve for about three days.

Coccidiosis: It is recommended to serve them coaxial 20 by mixing with water for three days and feed them according to the vet’s advice.

Hygienic Quail Farming Tips

Here are the tips to follow in order to raise your quails in a hygienic manner. They include:

  • Avail sufficient fresh and clean water according to the demand
  • Provide a well-balanced diet for your creatures
  • Protect your birds from potential predators
  • Keep the quail house clean and dry
  • Separate the sick birds from healthy ones.
  • Provide optimum light and temperature

Marketing Strategies for Quail Farming

The meat from quails is enriched with nutrients and it is also very tasty. Due to that kind of information already in the world, it implies that there is already a market for quails.

The size of the birds and eggs is quite small making them affordable to all kinds of people across the world. Therefore, there is no need to get worried about marketing issues since the demand is already there.

It is also advisable to have a marketing strategy in case you want to introduce them to a new market place where these birds are not popular.

Final Thoughts

Quail farming is playing a very vital role in society today since it provides a daily meal for the family and also income for those who are unemployed.

Commercial quail farming in the greatest source of employment in recent days and it can also be considered as a side hustle for those who are already employed.

The birds are also very entertaining and easy to raise despite the size of your farm. The initial capital investment is low.

Are you planning to venture into quail farming? Well, it is advisable to consider visiting the area where there are plenty of farmers venturing into the business. You will learn a few tricks on how to raise them without a hassle. Cheers!

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