Commercial pig farming in Kenya is one of the top lucrative business to venture since the demand for pork in Nairobi has been skyrocketed in recent years.
The big industries in a town like Thika, Kiambu, and Nakuru is booming. These towns are the major happens to be the significant suppliers of pork in Nairobi city.
The demand for pig products like sausages and smokies are booming business in almost all urban areas in Kenya.
If you are planning to start pig farming business, then you have come to the right place. There are no fluffs here. Take your time to read through the article.
Benefits of Pig Farming in Kenya
The weather climates in Kenya is favorable for pig farming, and this among the many factors that have contributed to the interests of pig farming.
Here are some of the advantages derived from pig farming business:
- The reproduction time of pigs is less, and they tend to grow faster than other livestock
- The pigs tend to fatten more quickly by converting the pig feeds into proteins
- Pigs are omnivorous, which imply that they can consume almost all types of feeds like roughages, kitchen garbage, and agricultural waste, among others.
- Pig investments are quite minimal when compared to chickens and cows.
- Sows have the capability of giving birth twice a year to about ten piglets.
- The return on investment of the pig farming business in Kenya is quite high as compared to other countries
- The demand for pork in major urban areas of Kenya is quite high hence favoring pig farming business.
- The level of unemployment in Kenya is quite high; hence, pig farming can be an alternative source of employment.
- Pigs can be raised by any person regardless of their current profession since it does not require any form of training.
Is Pig Farming in Kenya Profitable?
The demand for pork in towns like Nairobi, Nakuru, Eldoret, Thika, Kiambu, Kakamega, and Kisumu is quite high.
Pig farming business in Kenya is a goldmine, and if you are planning to start, then this is the right time for you.
There are few pig industries across the country, and you will notice that the pig products are quite expensive.
If you happen to venture into this lucrative business, then you are likely to earn huge profits in the long run.
The coastal region of Kenya is not a suitable place to start pig farming business due to region barrier. The chances are that if you start a pig butchery, then you are likely to earn low profits.
How to Start a Commercial Pig Farming in Kenya
Are you planning to start a commercial pig farming in Kenya? Well, it is good to note that this is not going to be a walk in the park.
You will need to consider many factors before starting to earn huge profits. You should also note that pig farming is a dirty job, but the fruits are sweet.
Here is a simple guide for pig farming in Kenya pdf and I hope it will help you pick off easily without any problem.
Locate a Suitable Farm
You will need to select a suitable land for rearing pigs before purchasing them. The area located should be accessible to good transport, clean water and close to the market.
Determine the size of land that you own since it will help you know the number of pigs to start raising. Ensure the pig farm is away from residential areas but close to the market centers.
Select Suitable Breeds
There are plenty of pig breeds, but they tend to have different production scale. It is advisable to pick a pig breed that is highly productive to earn maximum profits.
Some of the most profitable pigs in Kenya are Large White, Landrace, Yorkshires, Duroc, and Hampshire pigs. You are required to conduct thorough research about the pig before purchasing.
Here are some of the main things to consider:
- A pair of bright eyes.
- Glossy coat.
- Alert and responsive to its surrounding environment.
- Good temperament.
- Good appeal to food.
- Easy and normal movement.
- Free from lameness or any other unnatural signs.
- Avoid purchasing aggressive pig.
Feeding the Pigs
Do you know how to feed pigs? Well, this is the first thing to put into consideration. Learn about the pig feeds since they play a vital role in their growth and development.
The good thing with pigs is that they have high feeds conversion, which is directly related to weight gain.
Research from Agricultural Institutes of Kenya shows that they come second after broiler chicken as far as weight gain is a concern.
Quality pig feeds ensure good production hence maximum profits. Pigs are omnivorous; therefore, they can feed on meat, grains, and plants. They eat almost everything.
Furthermore, it is advisable to include proteins and vitamins in their diet as well as other supplements that help to boost their immune system. Piglets are supposed to feed on foods that have higher proteins than adult pigs.
Housing Pigs for Sale Kenya
Pigs are powerful animals. You need to build a permanent house for them. The sty should be well ventilated to enhance the proper circulation of fresh air and also shade during high temperatures like December, January, and February.
You should also note that young piglets are profoundly affected by cold temperatures while adult pigs by high temperatures. This is the reason why pig farming in Northern Kenya does not thrive.
It is advisable to separate piglets from their mothers so that they can grow and mature faster. Ensure the sty is ever clean and dry to facilitate maximum health care.
Fertility of Pigs
Breeding pigs is quite easy since they are ever fertile, and they tend to have a shorter gestation period when compared to cows. A sow reaches maturity after 8-9 months, and she has the capability of giving birth.
In a year, a sow is capable of giving birth twice to about 10-12 piglets. If you’re planning to start commercial pig farming, then it is advisable to start at a low budget.
Marketing of the Pigs
Kenya has a massive demand for pig products as compared to other countries in East Africa. Some of the ordinary pig products are Pork, Bacon, and Sausages, among others.
If you’re venturing in pig farming while in Kenya, then don’t worry about the market. You can sell your pigs to the nearest local market or direct to the Farmers’ Choice Industry nearby.
Types of Pig Farming System in Kenya
Pig rearing systems in Kenya is dependent on the amount of capital an individual has at the disposal. The following are some of the standard methods practiced by many pig breeders in Kenya.
Free Range Pigs Farming
The system involves keeping pigs on a large farm where the primary feeds are the grass and Lucerne. Pigs raised on free range tend to have tasty pork that has natural flavor.
You can supply the pigs with other supplements to ensure they get the required nutrients for faster growth and development. The system is cost efficient for those breeders with a low budget.
Semi-Intensive Pig Keeping
The farming system is suitable for those medium breeders. Here the pigs are enclosed in a semi-permanent structure, and they are provided continuously with feeds.
The farmer can get feeds from the farm and also from the market. They are also required to provide them with other supplements for faster growth and weight gain.
The rearing system is time-consuming, but the breeder has a direct connection with the market. The breeding system has huge returns when compared to other rearing systems.
Intensive Pig Rearing
The system involves raising pigs in a close area in the form of a housing system. The method is suitable for those breeders with direct market connection or is interested in meat production.
The main aim of this system is to raise pigs for slaughter to cut off the cost of feeding. The pigs grow faster due to an adequate supply of food and other supplements.
However, the system requires a high amount of investments since the cost of supplement tend to be high. It is not a suitable pig rearing system for farmers with low budget.
Types of Pig Breeds for Meat Production in Kenya
There are plenty of pig breeds in Kenya according to gestation period and amount of meat production. Here are some of the most famous pig breeds in Kenya for meat production.
Large White Pig
The pig has erected ears and slightly dished mouth. The pig has a white coloration and large.
The body of the pig is long, with excellent ham and beautiful hair. It has good mothering abilities and the primary source of pork meat and bacon in Kenya.
If you are practicing intensive pig farming, then this is a suitable breed for crossbreeding. It can adjust to climate changes and other environmental factors.
The golden brown color and hard skin coat make the breed more distinctive from other pig breeds. They have small ears that are slightly drooping. They are among the least aggressive pig breeds.
The pig has high maternal instincts and has been traditionally used as terminal sires. They are also known for a faster growth rate and a long body with broad shoulders.
The pig breed is suitable for the production of both light pork and massive pork meat for commercial purposes. You need little capital to start the investment in your farm.
Landrace Pig Breed
The pig-size ranges from medium to large, and they have physical features that are unique from other breeds of pigs across the world.
They tend to have white coloration with more beautiful hair, long snout, and massive drooping ears.
The swine have large bodies that lack excess fats and wrinkles but deep smooth sides. The breed is not accessible due to its maternal instincts and high fertility.
However, they have a reputation for producing quite a good number of piglets, and they are suitable for pork production and bacon.
Hampshire Pig Breed
These are typically the oldest pig breed in the United States. The pig has erected ears and black body color. They are medium size with a broad white band around the middle and also the front legs.
They have a excellent build body with strong legs making it accessible for pork meat production. The swine has faster growth but tend to have a slow maturity rate when compared to other swine breeds.
Combrough Pig Breed
The swine breed is infamous for lean meat and conformation. It is an alternative source of crossbreeding in case you are practicing intensive pig rearing system. You will be required to one boar for two to three sows from other breeds.
They have the reputation of improving the genetic qualities of other breeds in terms of weight gain and growth rate. They are docile in temperament and exceptional maternal instincts.
Challenges Facing Pig Farming in Kenya
There are a lot of things that are dragging the pig farming industry in Kenya.
This is the reason why the modern pig industry is not able to meet the rising demand for pig products.
Here are some of the common pig farming problems in Kenya:
- The high cost of pig feeds
- Lack of training institutes
- Poor transport system
- Religious barriers
- Corruption and nepotism in farmer’s choice
If you happen to be a novice farmer, then it is advisable to start small instead of starting big. Pig farming in Kenya is a lucrative venture, and it usually requires a small piece of land to get started.
Locate where to purchase the pig feeds and supplements before venturing into the business.
You will be required to do thorough research about the market but thank God, Kenya has a formidable large market size in East Africa.