Holstein Friesian cow is among the top prominent cattle breeds in the United States of America. The Holstein Friesian cattle characteristics make them distinctive from other kinds.
About 90% of dairy farms in the US have this kind of breeds. The Holstein Friesian cattle milk production is of high quality and very nutritious.
In this post, you will get to explore the information about the history and origin of the breed, physical characteristics and the primary purpose of the cattle breed.
History and Origin of Holstein Friesian
Holstein Friesian originated from the Friesland area of Holland. The colors of the breed occur as a result of crossbreeding according to the historical records.
The breed of cattle has found its way into northern Europe and America where it has now outnumbered the other dairy breeds of cattle.
The cows came into New York after the colonization by the British. The most massive importation took place between 1879 and 1887.
The cattle breeds were kept in Northern European countries typically for milk production while in the southern European nations for beef production.
In recent years, the cow is now available in almost all countries across the globe since they can adapt fast to different weather climate.
Holstein Friesian Physical Characteristics
Friesian cow characteristics include:
Size and Weight
Both the cow and the bulls are large. A mature bull has an average weight of about 500-600 kg while that of a cow is about 800-900 kg. The calf weighs about 30-40 kg when they born.
Body Shape and Coat Color
The cow has a triangular body shape with no hunchback. The head is long and comparatively narrow. The hind legs are straight, and the back side is also hefty.
Behavior and Temperament
The cows are friendly and docile in temperament. They can easily be tamed by beginners in the dairy farming business.
The cattle breed has a unique body system since it can withstand different weather climate. They can survive well in tropical regions where there is plenty of vegetation.
Maturity and Reproduction Rate
Cattle have a faster maturity rate, and the cows can calve almost every year. The lactation period of the cows ranges between 12 and 15.
Holstein Friesian Cattle Lifespan
The cows tend to have a long lifespan; hence the breeder will not worry about replacing the herds after a short period. They tend to reduce the cost of replacement every after two years.
Disadvantages of Holstein Cows
These shortcomings include:
- The breed cannot survive in freezing and hot weather climate
- The cattle are susceptible to common cattle diseases
- Consume a lot of animal feeds
- Require a lot of care and maintenance
- The cattle are costly
Uses of the Breed
The breed is typically known for milk production and partly meat production. Female calves are great for milk production while the male calves for meat production. Holstein bull size is big with the compact body making them suitable for meat production.
Holstein Friesian cow’s milk production per day is about 40 kg, and it has about 3.5 % fat content. The milk can be processed to produce quite large varieties of dairy products.
If you plan to start dairy farm, then consider Holstein cow. The Holstein Friesian cattle price is quite affordable as compared to other exotic breeds.
Holstein Friesian Cow Pictures
Study the image below and try to find out some of the hidden features of the cattle breed. Use the picture also to source the best cattle feed and treatment packages.