Determining Turkey Gender: Steps On How To Sex Turkeys

Determining the turkey gender is somehow tricky if you are raising turkeys for the first time, but many expert breeders usually find it easy.

Practice makes perfect. You can learn how to determine the sex of the turkey through regular exercise and also have a close relationship with these birds.

Determining the sex of turkey is usually based on behavioral and physical characteristics. An expert breeder will look at the physical feature of the baby turkey and be able to spot its sex.

Do you want to know how to tell male from female turkey poults? Well, keep it here and get to know how to make turkey chick identification in this text.

Let’s get started:

No Bullshit Guide on Determining Turkey Gender

There are plenty of turkey breeds in the world, and each strain has its coloration as well as more exceptional body characteristics.

You should note that the breed of turkey that you own will help to determine the sex of the bird.

The following are tips that will help you determine the gender of your birds. Let’s jump in now.

How Do You Tell Male from Female Turkey Poults

Determining the sex of turkey from poults can be tricky though it usually depends on the breed of the turkey.

Vent observation is an ancient method of determining turkey gender that has been used for over some decades.

However, the method requires an individual to be very keen, but you need a lot of practice.

Male baby turkeys have round bumps while female baby turkeys have flat or concave centers.

The success rate of determining the sex of the baby turkey using this method is between 90 and 96 percent sure. The process takes a lot of time by the way.

Comparing the Size of the Birds

This is the most preferred method of telling the gender of the turkey from a distance. Therefore, how do you identify a tom turkey? Well, male turkeys are generally larger in size and appearance than female turkeys.

The size of the turkey is another sure way of telling the sex of the turkey from a group of birds. A mature male turkey is more significant than a nearby adult female turkey.

The appearance of the Beard

Do Jake turkeys have beards? Well, let’s find out. Male turkeys are also known as Toms, and they tend to have beards.

The beards on toms are modified feathers running down the chest. However, the female turkeys do not have this modification of feathers.

Look at the top of the Head

The best method on how to sex turkeys. How do you identify a tom turkey? Well, toms tend to lack feathers on the head.

Female turkeys have a small number of feathers on the top of the head, and this what makes it easy to differentiate from toms.

During mating seasons, the color of tom’s head tends to change in color, and the change usually happens in seconds. The heads change from red to blue to white.

Coloration Observation

Can feather coloration of turkeys help to identification of the turkey? The method can work, but you need to pay a lot of attention.

The toms are known to have brightly colored feathers than jakes. The female turkeys have duller coloration and drabber appearance.

Turkey feather colors vary depending on the breed. But male turkey feather colors are iridescent red, green, bronze, copper or gold sheen.

The bright colors of the male turkeys are what attract female turkeys during the mating season. The general feminine turkey feather colors are gray or brown, and it lacks iridescent.

However, this method of identifying the sex of turkeys has been removed due to commercial turkey farming business which has facilitated the crossbreeding process.

Checking the Tail of Turkey

Do female turkeys fan their tail feathers? Well, let’s find out now. Female turkeys are known for keeping their tail down while the male turkey for raising their tail that looks like a fan.

Tail fanning is a common practice among male turkeys since it is a sign of dominance. The male turkeys use this method to attract female turkeys for mating.

Observing the Leg Spur

Male turkeys have small spike-like bumps on the legs that can easily be spotted from a distance while female turkeys are spur free (meaning they have smooth legs).

The spurs on the legs of the male turkeys are typically used for dominance and also defense. They usually used them for fighting predators or rivals during mating seasons.

Listen to their Call

This is another excellent option of determining turkey gender. The female turkeys have a soft cluck or yelp while the male turkey makes a gobbling noise that is highly known.

Male turkeys love to gobble so much since it also acts as a sign of dominance. It also helps them to scare away potential predators and rivals. Female turkeys do not gobble at all.

Final Verdict

There are quite a good number of ways on how to sex turkeys, but the above methods can help if you’re a beginner in turkey farming business.

Follow those methods of determining turkey gender religious, and you will be able to spot the difference between a male and a female turkey easily. Good Luck.

Leave a Comment