How to Start Profitable Dairy Farming in USA

To start dairy farming in the USA, you need a lot of money and capital to start a successful dairy farming business.

You need to get dairy farming facts right before investing in this kind of business. Failure to understand these facts right then expect to incur losses in the long run.

You need to have a careful planning session despite having a vast knowledge of animal breeding and management.

Commercial dairy farming in the USA plays a vital role in the total milk production and growth of the economy. Not all states in the country are suitable for the dairy farming business, and this is the reason why I said earlier that you need to get the facts right.

Most farmers are not aware of modern farming practices, and this is the reason why so many dairy farms are closing up. Adopting advanced techniques in dairy farming is going to enable them to compete in the world market.

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In this article, you will discover information on the advantages and steps on how to start a profitable dairy farming in the USA.

Advantages of Dairy Farming in the USA

There are so many benefits to starting a dairy farming business in the US. The following are some of the importance of starting a dairy farm in the country:

  • Dairy farming is a great practice and beginning the business implies that you do not need to search for a market for your dairy products. The market is readily available and also active throughout the year.
  • Dairy farming is eco-friendly, and there is no way it has been reported to have polluted the environment.
  • The kind of agriculture does not require any level of skilled labor since you can even start with small scale farming activity.
  • It is a source of employment for those to educate people who lack jobs in a highly competitive job market.
  • There are plenty of dairy cattle breeds that can survive in any climate and environment within the country.
  • Sourcing for funds to starting dairy farming is quite comfortable in the country as compared to other types of businesses.

Top Five Dairy States in the USA

The United States of America is among the top leading nations across the world in the production of milk and other dairy products.

However, not all the states in the country are suitable for dairy farming businesses due to various factors. Which state has the most dairy farms? Well, get an insight into the largest dairy farm in the United States of America.


The state has about 3,470 licensed dairy farms, and it is ranked as the 7th largest milk-producing state in the U.S. The country is known to produce approximately about 1,100 million gallons of milk.

The dairy products are among the top consumed commodities by the people of Minnesota. The average amount of milk produced by a cow is about 6.6 gallons of milk per day.

The state has an excellent transport system, and the farm produce reaches various destinations on time. Minnesota has about 36 plants for processing milk.


The state has about 170 licensed dairy farms, and it is the 30th largest state in milk production in the United States. The country has about four plants for processing milk firms.

The state produces approximately about 84 million gallons of milk and the average production milk per cow is about 5.9 gallons in a day.


Nebraska has about 160 licensed dairy herds, and it is termed as the 26th largest milking producing state in the USA.

The infrastructures in the state are quite good, and this facilitates faster transportation of milk from farms to the required destinations.

The average dairy cow produces in the state is about 7 gallons of milk per day. Nebraska has about six plants that process various types of dairy products.


The state has 1,360 licensed dairy farms, and it is said to be the 12th largest milk producer in the United States of America.

Lowa has about 14 plants for processing dairy products, and research shows that the average dairy cow produce is about 7 gallons of milk per day.


The state has 300 licensed dairy farms, and it is also said to be the 19th largest milk dairy farm in the USA. Where is dairy farming practiced? Well, this among the top leading states where the dairy farming business is practiced.

The state has an excellent transport system and also five plants that are used to process milk products. The average dairy cow production in the country is about 7 gallons of milk per day.

Other largest milk production states include:

  • Illinois
  • South Dakota
  • North Dakota
  • Missouri
  • Arkansas
  • California
  • Wisconsin
  • New York
  • Idaho
  • Pennsylvania
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How to Start Dairy Farming in the USA

How many dairy farms are in the US? Well, that seems to be a difficult question to answer, but I would say there is quite a good number.

Setting up the largest dairy farm in Wisconsin or any other state is not easy. You need to go through several stages before getting started.

The following are some of the steps to consider before setting up the largest dairy farm in Texas or any other states in the US. They include:

Laws and Regulations

You need to find out about the rules and regulations about animal farming. These rules will determine the number of dairy cows that you are expected to bring on board.

Every state in the United States has its own rules and regulations. Therefore, visit the respective authority to get the license of breeding dairy cows on your farm.

Decide about the Breed

There are plenty of exotic dairy cows in the market today. You need to do a thorough search about the breed information and pick on the productive one.

Visit the market and try to consider which dairy product is on demand. This will help you come up with a good dairy farming business plan.

Some of the typical exotic breeds in the US are Black Angus, Charolais, Hereford, Simmental, Red Angus, Texas Longhorn, Gelbvieh, Holstein, Limousin, and Highlands among many others.


Design a good housing plan for your animals to keep them healthy, productive and free from diseases. Create adequate space in the house to have proper production.

Consult an expert designer who will give you proper estimates on the area needed to construct the house for your animals.

Ensure the housing has proper ventilation to enhance sufficient fresh and clean air. Adequate space enhances natural movement.


The feeding program of dairy cows differs according to the age. However, it is good to come up with high-quality feeds that are nutritious to increase milk production.

Green feeds are considered to be the best since they are highly nutritious and healthy than regular animal feeds from the livestock stores.

It is recommended to create a grazing farm for them and also provide sufficient fresh, clean water. You should note that dairy animals take a lot of water to compare to other beef cattle.

Care & Management

Successful livestock farming requires the farmer to take good care of the animals. Keep the animals free from the common cow diseases and in case you notice any symptom then consider bringing a professional vet for diagnosis and treatment.

Vaccinate the animals on time and remember to provide them with clean as well as freshwater in the large amount. Avail all the stock of essential medicines and other materials on the farm.


The marketing of dairy products in the US is not a big deal since the demand is always high. You can quickly sell your products from anywhere within the country. If you are considering starting a dairy farming business, then do not get worried about the market.

Problems Facing Dairy Farming USA

Almost all types of businesses do experience some difficulties in a very stage. Dairy farming business is no exemption at all. Here is the current limitation of dairy farming in the USA. They include:

  • High costs of farm inputs.
  • Difficult in coming up with a dairy business plan since it requires a lot of hardworking
  • Breeding of dairy cows is a problem since the price of artificial insemination is too high.
  • Requires several legal formalities like licenses before getting started.

However, the advantages of running a dairy farm are quite high as compared to the disadvantages. According to the research done by our experts, the dairy farming business in the US is highly profitable.  If you want to start this business, try to learn more about it and visit as many farms as possible.

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