Are you looking into starting profitable Boer goat farming? Well, it is good to note that goat farming is an addiction like any other.
I know you are itching and scratching your head on where you will get bucks to start this profitable business in agriculture. But I would say that goat farming is quite easy and simple once you are set to go.
You should first know which goat breed you want to venture into and then try to research detailed information about them. This will make your work easier when launching your business.
In this post, you will discover more information about the history and origin of the Boer goat breed, physical characteristics, how to care and breed them accordingly.
Let’s get started here…
History & Origin of Boer Goat Breed
Boer goat breed was developed in South Africa with the intention of increasing goat meat production in early 1900.
The other names of this goat breed include; Afrikaner and Africander. These names are derived from the Dutch community. The indigenous goats were first reared by Dutch farmers in South America and this is the reason behind the name Boer.
The Boer goats were later exported to America in 1993 where it has become popular than other breeds of goats since they are great meat producers.
The frequent research and crossbreeding have resulted in an excellent breed that grows very fast as well as provide excellent meat qualities.
However, many Americans are rearing the breed of goat as a pet or simply a goat show. Why? These goats have unique personalities that can easily be handled and managed.
Do you know where to get a Boer goat for sale in America? Well, you can visit the American Boer Goat Association website in order to know some of the prices. It is a registered association in the U.S.A that is authorized to deal with Boer goats.
Characteristics of Boer Goat Breeds
Boer goats have unique personalities and this is some of the reasons why they tend to stand out from other breeds of goats. The following are some of the common physical characteristics of Boer goats:
Most Boer goats have brown necks and the rest of the body parts are white in color. However, we have some other varieties that are either brown or white in color.
The goat has some unique body structures that make them be stunning. They have long and pendulous ear shapes that look similar to that of Nubian goat breed. They also have well-developed horns that lie on the back of the neck.
The goat has indigenous wild genes that make them be hardy and strong. This feature enables them to survive in both hot and cold weather conditions without facing any problem.
Size and Weight
Boer goats are typically large in size. The matured bucks tend to weigh between 110 and 135 kg while an adult doe weighs about 90 to 100 kg.
Boer goats have a high fertility rate and they tend to grow very fast. This is the reason why they are kept for commercial purposes by many farmers.
The goat breed is known to be very docile and if you are a beginner in goat farming then this is the right breed of goat for you to start with. They can easily be handled and manage even by children.
Management of Boer Goat Breed
Here are some of the guidelines on how to manage your goats on the farm:
I have kept goats for a couple of years now and many times winter started, I usually find myself in trouble. You need to prepare very well when winter is around the corner. You can read my article about winter care for goats.
Weather changes can highly affect your goats either positively or negatively. Cold weather may make them shiver and this can distract their growth rate.
Well, you need to make them happy and comfortable. This can be done by creating a goat shelter that is spacious and has a good floor that will not transmit cold. There are several goat shelter plans over the internet and I hope they will guide you.
Boer goats can eat any type of feed that are given to other domestic goats. They are possibly known to love eating leaves from trees, corn, supplement feeds and common green grasses.
For the goats to be huge in size, you need to ensure there is an adequate supply of feeds and other nutritious supplements.
Most Boer farmers in the United States of America prefer to keep medium size Boer goats since they are known to eat a small amount of food as compared to other large breeds.
You need to be very careful when raising Boer goats on your farm. Ensure there is an adequate supply of clean and freshwater for the goat breed. These goats drink a lot of water as compared to others.
In case you want Boer goats for breeding then opt for purebred Boer goat. Many farmers in Europe love crossbreeding them with other goat breeds in order to get hybrid goats.
You can crossbreed Boer goats with angora, Kiko, Nubian, a Spanish goat, and Osmanabadi goats. These goats will result in more productive kids than their parent goats.
Boer Goats are highly resistant to a lot of common goat diseases. Their grazing habits make them be generally resistances since they eat a lot of herb leaves.
Some of the common goat diseases that Boer goats are resistant to include bluetongue and poisonings like prussic acid.
How to Care and Raise Boer Goat Breed
To be considered as a great farmer for Boer goats in shows, yard, and commercial farming, you need to follow the tips below on how to care for them.
- Care for the young ones from the period they are born until they mature. Ensure the young ones get adequate milk from their mothers and remember to keep them separate from other goats.
- Adhere to the daily routine for caring both the mother and kids
- Ensure the kids are vaccinated in order to prevent them from common diseases and viruses
- Design a goat shelter that is comfortable and free from worms as well as insects that may transmit diseases.
- Ensure the housing of the Boer goats is on a raised ground in order to keep them dry and warm.
- Supply the Boer goats with an adequate amount of water daily since they tend to drink a lot even in winter.
- Provide fresh and green leaves for your goats so that they can stay healthy. If you have a large piece of land then this is the right breed for you since they are great grazers.