Seductive Facts About Beltsville Small White Turkey

Beltsville small white turkey has a lot of untapped information that many hobbyists are not aware of despite raising them in their backyard.

Let’s start the chase…

Poultry farmers across the world are considered to be the most ignorant people. Why? Well, most of them tend to buy any breed of turkey and keep them on their farm without recording vital information.

It’s okay to admit, right?

The thrilling fact can make you angry but it is high time to swallow the bitter herbs or pride and think about taking turkey farming to another level.

In this post, you will discover information about the history and origin of the breed, physical characteristics and common health information associated with Beltsville white turkeys.

   Further useful post:    Turkey Farming Business: Is Turkey Farming Profitable?  

History and Origin of Beltsville White Turkey

Let’s jump in now…

Beltsville small white turkey is grouped among the domestic turkeys that originated from the United States of America. The breed came into existence at around 1934 and very few people had information about them.

The development of the breed occur since a lot of people were in need of small to medium size turkeys that could fit well in their backyard farms.

USDA’s Beltsville Agricultural Research Center in Maryland is the center behind the breeding of the turkey and this is the reason why they are named after them.

The birds have almost the same characteristics with Midget White Turkey which can be confusing but they tend to be smaller in size.

The main aim of the development of the breed was to create a bird that is fleshy and has little dark pin feathers. However, this program did not meet the expectation of many as the animal tend to be smaller than expected.

In 1951, the American Poultry Association of Perfection admitted the bird in their list but at around 1971, the bird started becoming extinct but a big thanks to Livestock Conservancy for keeping the heritage turkey for future references.

Characteristics of Beltsville Small White Turkey

The physical features of the breed include:

Size and Weight

The birds range between small to medium size. Both the tom and the hens tend to be fleshy making them suitable for meat production. The tom has an average weight of 10.5kgs and the hen weigh about 5.9kgs.

General Appearance

They have a dazzling appearance as compared to other breeds. The white plumage makes them stunning when they mingled with other flocks in the yard. The reddish eyes and pinkish shanks make them look prettier.

Purpose of the Breed

Although the birds are small to medium size, they were developed with the intention of meeting the high demand for turkey meat. The fleshy shanks happen to the reason behind being used for meat purposes.

Reproduction Ability

The breed has the ability to breed naturally and they are known to have good reproduction qualities. The alluring breed can increase the number of flocks in your yard within a short period of time.

Climate Tolerance

Both the toms and hens are tolerated in any type of weather. But it is recommended to provide good shelter so that they can hide in case of harsh weather.

Temperament and Other Behavior

The temperament of the turkey varies and it usually depends on how you raised them up. Some may be docile while others are very aggressive even to other flocks. Learn how to raise turkeys in a more professional way in order to tame so weird features.

Health Issues and Special Needs

These birds have some wild game features that make them hardy and robust. This is the reason why they can tolerate any type of weather.

The research shows that these turkeys are rarely affected by common poultry diseases but it is recommended to vaccinate them while they are still young.

Remember to check the dense plumage on a regular basis in order to spot any signs of parasites like lice or mice. Spray in order to combat them early before they start being a nuisance to other flocks.


The sensational facts will help you know more about the Beltsville white turkeys and learn how to raise them in a manner that is required.

I have these flocks in my yard and I would recommend to any poultry hobbyists who have the plan to start turkey farming either for commercial or home consumption.

Do you keep these turkeys on your farm? We would like to hear more of your stories. Kindly share with us in the comment form below and we will appreciate it. Coyer!

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