American game chicken portrays the original appearance of chickens before cross-breeding and hybrid breeds of chickens were developed.
The American breed of game fowl was explicitly meant for cockfighting some years back, but today the American gamefowl society is against the cultural activity.
The article provides detailed information about the history, origin, characteristics, pros, cons, and pictures of the game chicken breeds. Let’s dive in now.
History & Origin of American Game Chicken
The historical records show that the American game fowl was originated from the United States of American. The fact is supported by the numerous game chicken farms in the country.
The game chickens were bred explicitly for cockfighting in the past. Due to the advancement in technology, the reason for reproducing the game chickens has changed.
Majority of the American game fowl farm was owned by famous political leaders, and the breed of the chicken plays a significant role in American history.
What is a game chicken? Well, this is a breed of chicken developed from various Oriental and European game chicken. The kind of chicken has some strains of old English game fowl, Irish Game and Oriental game.
There is other American gamefowl recognized variety that has Spanish and Sumatra chicken breed strains. Most of the game chicken breeders today use them for ornaments and exhibition.
The game fowl are highly recognized by both the American Poultry Association and the American Game Fowl Society.
The chicken breed is further divided into different strains such as Whitehackle, Albany, Sweater, Butcher, Roundhead, Claret, Kelso, and Hatch.
American Game Chicken Characteristics
Size and Weight
Almost all the American gamefowl bloodlines sizes range from medium to large. The average weight of the bantam American roosters is about 850g while that of the bantam American hens is 765g.
These game fowls are hardy and robust. The feature gives them the ability to withstand different weather climate, and this is the reason why they are found all over the world.
Behavior and Temperament
All the types of game chickens are hardy, noisy, and intolerant to confinement. The American game roosters cannot be kept together since they will fight to the death.
Also, the American game hens tend to be aggressive towards each other. Therefore, do not keep plenty of them under one roof to avoid the fight.
The egg productivity rate of the American hens is medium hence not suitable for starting commercial egg production. The dual-purpose breed is meant explicitly for meat and ornament production.
The maturity rate of these game fowl usually takes longer and this is why they are given different names according to their ages. They have game genes that have a slow growth rate.
A young rooster between one to twelve months is known as stag while roosters of 13-18 months are known as a bull stag.
An old English fowl rooster between 18-24 months is called a cock while a young hen of less than a year is known as a pullet.
Varieties of Game Fowl
The game fowl occur in different coloration such as Black Breasted Red, Silver duck wings, Brown-red, Golden duck wings, Red quail, Black, Blue, Gold, White, and Pumpkin. Note that the American game recognized the variety of blue red.
The game chicken breeds chart shows that the breeds belong to the bantam class. The class implies that they are excellent flyers and foragers. The list of gamefowl breeds is excellent for free range chicken farming games.
Pros & Cons of American Game Fowl Chickens
Every breed of chicken has its advantages and disadvantages. However, if you intend to start chicken farming of American game fowls, then it is worth to learn the pros and cons.
Pros of American Game Fowl Chickens
- Great mother to the chicks
- Occur in huge varieties
- Roosters are protective to the young chickens
Cons of American Game Fowl Chickens
- Low producers of eggs
- The aggressiveness of the roosters can injure other birds in the farm
- Slow maturity rate
Pictures of American Game Fowl Chickens
Use the images of note hidden physical features of these gamefowls. The descriptions outline the hidden features of the chicks, hens, and roosters.
American Game Fowl Breed Profile
|Breed Name||American Yorkshire|
|Weight||Boars 250-340 kg
Sows 204-295 kg
|Climate Tolerance||All Climate|
|Place of Origin||United States of America|