Alambadi Cattle: Origin, Characteristics & Purpose

Alambadi cattle breed is rare in these days. These cattle are mostly reared in the hilly region of modern-day Tamil Nadu in India.

The animal was previously kept for draught, but due to advancement in technology, a lot of research has been conducted, and it is now used for milk production.

In this post, you will learn something about the history and origin of the cattle breed, physical characteristics and the primary purpose of the cattle today.

History and Origin of Alambadi Cattle

Alambadi cow is a breed of zebu cattle breed that originated from the Dharmapuri district in the Tamil Nadu state of India. However, the research shows that the cattle breed is rare in recent days.

The extinction of the breed and has made it difficult to get information about them. The disappearance is happening due to several crossbreeding research being conducted to improve the production rate of the cattle breed.

Some farmers in India have taken the initiative to conserve the cattle breed, and the government of India is offering a few with support for conservation.

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Alambadi Cattle Characteristics

Size and Weight

Both the cows and bulls are medium size. The average weight of a cow is about 290 kg while that of a beast is about 317-362 kg.

Shape and Coat Color

The cattle breed comes in different colors. Some cattle may be grey, dark grey, and black. The cattle breed has some white markings in the forehead, tail, and limb.

The cattle have a fantastic body shape. The head is narrow with a thick dewlap and a prominent hump on the back.


Both the cows and bulls have horns. The horns are long and curved. You need to be careful when handling them since you can be injured.

Climate Tolerance

The animals are robust and hardy. They can survive in a different type of weather climate. They have a unique body system that can adjust to different weather climate with ease.

Behavior and Temperament

The cattle are friendly and docile. However, you need to raise them in good condition to tame their aggressive behavior. Both bulls and cows can be offensive to some extent.

Maturity and Reproduction rate

The cattle have low maturity rate and reproduction rate hence not suitable for commercial cattle farming business. The calves take long to mature up, and cows take about two years to give birth to another calf.

Purpose of the Cattle Breed

Alambadi cows are typically known as draught breeds. Majority of people in India breed them for pulling carts and ploughing.

The cows are not suitable for milk production hence not fit for a commercial dairy farming business. However, the meat from the cattle is tasty and delicious though very tough.

Alambadi Cow Pictures

Here is the profile overview of the cattle breed.

Breed Name


Country of Origin


Breed Purpose

Mainly kept for ploughing and pulling cart. Rarely kept for dairy.


Mainly Grey, Dark Grey or Black



Milk Yield




Climate Tolerance

All Climates

Breed Size


Special Notes

Very hardy

Lactation Period

Cows lactation period can last for up to about 10 months (305) days.

Drying off Period

The cow should have a 12 to 14-month inter-calving cycle. Drying off period for around 60 days before she can calve again.

Maturity Age

Cows 6 to 8 months  Bulls 9 months up to 4 years

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